Introduction to juvenile rheumatoid arthritis nursing essay

Introduction to juvenile rheumatoid arthritis nursing essay

RA is a pathologic condition that affects various tissues in the body and usually causes synovitis and articular tissue destruction. The complication is associated with the stiffness, pain, and inflammation of the large joints in the knee and small synovial joints in the feet and hands. Although RA is often marked by periods of remission and exacerbation, the complication is usually progressive in nature. As a rule, the disease worsens over time if the inflammation is not slowed down or stopped.

The advanced stages of RA cause severe joint destruction, as well as bone erosion Ciconne, RA affects approximately 0. The severe pain and suffering that the complication causes devastates patients, their family, as well as social and economic life. Regrettably, just like other chronic systemic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis lacks definite cure.

The nonexistence of the cure is largely associated with the lack of proper knowledge on the causative agents of the complication S. Crouch, M. Since there are some effective medications for pharmacological management of the rheumatoid arthritis, pharmacological management plays a very crucial role in the treatment of the disease. There are various types of RA medications that play different roles. The symptomatic medications are not designed to influence the underlying disease process.

Rather, they are intended to reduce the severity of inflammation and pain experienced by the patient. Get a price quote. Of note, it is more effective to initiate treatment soon after diagnosis.

Efficient care for patients with rheumatoid arthritis combines medications with other approaches. Late diagnosis of the rheumatoid arthritis significantly intensifies the risk of the erosive joint damage.

Therefore, the patients suspected of having RA ought to be referred to a rheumatologist with the immediate effect. The quick response would enable the timely administration of the disease-modifying agents before the condition aggravates.In order to totally understand and understanding the meaning of the term juvenile arthritis rheumatoid JRAone must consider its componential words to see what all of them mean.

The term juvenile identifies the state of being young, childish or infantile. Rheumatism details any unpleasant condition related to the motor system of your body. This pertains to joints, muscles, soft and connecting tissues. As discussed to this point, the prefix rheuma- hails from a Greek expression "rheuma" which concerns the flowing of a river or stream.

Arthritis on the other hand is a term concerned just with joint disorders. The term again hails from the Greeks. A joint is where bones meet like the shoulder joint, leg joint, hip joint and the tiny joint parts in the hands and toes. Joining the terms to fully comprehend the phrase juvenile arthritis rheumatoid, you can conclude that it's a joint disorder found in youngsters. Indeed, arthritis is not a disorder exclusive to the elderly population.

Children at the age of sixteen and below who experience joint disorders fall in the category of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Children can complain about pains in their joints that can be caused by multiple reasons.

However, if the pain persists for six weeks or even more or there may be swelling on or about the joints, the child might be suffering from JRA. Arthritis is a long-term condition and can last quite a while. It causes infection of one or more joints, sometimes retarding bone development and development. Important questions that occur from the conversation so far are: 1 Why categorize juvenile arthritis as an illness individual from that experienced by the adults?

To answer these questions, some major differences between adult and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis are provided as follows:. The most the patients experiencing JRA outgrow the condition, a finding that is very rare in the adult forms of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis in individuals is a single disease with different manifestations, while JRA has different subtypes and is much rarer than arthritis in individuals. JRA patients, generally, have negative rheumatoid factor RF in blood vessels while seventy to eighty percent of the parents with rheumatoid arthritis have positive rheumatoid factor in circulation.

JRA inhibits proper progress of the bones while that's not the case in adult in whom bone fragments have already completely produced and developed. Because of these and other age-related factors, juvenile arthritis is termed a separate disease and handled accordingly.

There are three major subtypes of JRA which can be determined by following a pattern of the condition in its first six months, considering just how many joints are participating and whether certain types of antibodies are present in the bloodstream. These include the following. It usually affects large joints such as knee, make and elbow.

Oligo means "brief" or "few". When only 1 joint is afflicted, it is called monoarticular arthritis. This kind is not very severe. A typical indicator is the swelling of fingertips and toes. This sort of JRA is often symmetrical, meaning if one joint is influenced on one area of the body, the same joint is damaged on the other side as well. In addition, it causes swelling of organs including the heart and soul, spleen or liver organ.Jena, a year old, complains of joint pains on her knees for a week.

She is slowly losing the mobility of her leg due to the pain. After another week, her knee was already swelling.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis JIA MNEMONIC MADE EASY usmle high yield

Jena has developed juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is a genetically complex disorder in which multiple genes are important for disease onset and manifestations. The occurrence of Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis appears to peak at two age levels: 1 to 3 years and 8 to 12 years.

Physical findings are important to provide criteria for diagnosis and to detect abnormalities suggestive of alternative etiologies. The diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis JRA is based on the history and physical examination findings.

The ultimate goals in managing rheumatoid arthritis are to prevent or control joint damage, to prevent loss of function, and to decrease pain. Treatment is aimed at inducing remission with the least toxicity from medications with hopes of inducing a permanent remission.

Based on the assessment data, the major nursing diagnoses are:. The nurse should focus on the following nursing care planning goals for the child with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis:. All questions are given in a single page and correct answers, rationales or explanations if any are immediately shown after you have selected an answer.

No time limit for this exam. Text Mode: All questions and answers are given on a single page for reading and answering at your own pace. Be sure to grab a pen and paper to write down your answers. A nurse is assigned to the pediatric rheumatology clinic and is assessing a child who has just been diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Which of the following statements about the disease is most accurate? The child has a poor chance of recovery without joint deformity.

Most children progress to adult rheumatoid arthritis. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the first choice in treatment. Physical activity should be minimized. Which activity is best suited to the year-old with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis? Playing video games B. Swimming C. Working crossword puzzles D. Playing slow-pitch softball. Gold sodium thiomalate is prescribed to a client with rheumatoid arthritis.

Which of the following side effects indicates an overdosage of the medication? Flushing B. Dizziness C. Joint pain D. Metallic taste.This Disease affects about one in one thousand children ages sixteen and younger.

Discovery of Rheumatoid Arthritis Abigail L. The definite cause is still unknown, but in this paper recent scientific studies regarding rheumatoid arthritis will be discussed and explained. Rheumatoid arthritis a serious, crippling disease that comes in many forms. Arthritis is a autoimmune.

What is Arthritis? What Causes Arthritis The word arthritis comes from the Greek arthron meaning "joint" and the Latin itis meaning "inflammation". The plural of arthritis is arthritides. Arthritis affects the musculoskeletal system, specifically the joints. It is the main cause of disability among people over fifty-five years of age in industrialized countries. Arthritis is not a single disease - it is a term that covers over medical conditions.

Osteoarthritis OA is the most common form. Intervention- The therapist will start by introducing herself and the purpose of performing ROM on the child to the mother. The therapist will build a rapport with both the child and the mother so the child can feel comfortable. The therapist will ask John if he is in pain and then check for swelling.

If there is no pain, the therapist will continue with the activity; however, if there is pain or swelling, the therapist will stop. Haines, JIA includes 2 or more of these symptoms; ability of motion is impaired, motion causing pain or tenderness, or increased warmth in a joint and occurring in more than one joint for 6 weeks or more.

What conditions the drug is used to treat, how the drug is metabolised in the body and other drugs in the same class as Meloxicam. The drug Meloxicam is used to treat many forms of arthritis. The biggest use is of the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis which is a chronic inflammatory condition which affects the joint but can have other implications as well.

Some examples of other body systems it can affect is eyes, blood vessels, cardio vascular and the skin as well. The above statistic categorizes Lyme Disease as the number one animal carried and vector-borne disease. Vector is a term used to describe a living organism which is able to carry and spread an infectious disease from either animal to human or human to human. WHO, Not many may know that it was not until Over the past two decades nurses have become more aware of the need to include families in nursing care.

Family nursing practice is holistic with a goal of creating partnerships between families and nurses so mutual trust, communication and cooperation develops enabling the health care needs of the family to be met Kaakinen, A family is viewed as a system where each member is expected to respond according to their role, and changes in the dynamics of the system causes a change in the equilibrium.

A study on a relationship between cancer and breastfeeding was made by professor Schwartzbaum, J. The professor researched on how breast milk prevents children from getting cancer earlier in life. The study shows. At 13, during my first month of high school, I was diagnosed with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis JRAan autoimmune disease that affected my ability to walk, write, get dressed, and generally live like a normal teenager.

I quit sports and focused my energy on community service, school, and staying healthy. At that point in my life. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis JRA There are different types of arthritis such as gouty arthritis which causes a swelling usually in the big toe, psoriatic arthritis that often occurs along with psoriasis and reactive arthritis which usually involves the eyes, urethra and joints.Rheumatoid arthritis RA is an inflammation and pain in the hands within the knuckles and second joints.

There also can be pain in the wrist. This usually begins between the age of 30 and Women are affected three times more than men. It may occur in children mainly girls from years of age. When children get this it is called Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. RA can affect any joints in the body. This chronic disease may not go away completely and this is a systemic disease which basically means that it can affect other organs in the body like the skins, blood vessels, lungs and the heart.

RA affects 0. This then leads to inflation in the joints which causes pain, stiffness and swelling and can lead to joint deformity. RA can be genetic or inherited. Infectious agents such as virus, bacteria and fungi are thought to be the cause how this is not proved. Environmental factors can affect the risk of causing these disorders. Smoking has been reported that this increases the risk of RA.

Inflammation is a normal body defense mechanism which is there to help fight of viruses and bacteria which causes illness. Whilst antibodies try to die down the illnesses to destroy it in RA it becomes a long term chronic process.

Yet it is not known why this happens. You can get RA due to infections, viruses, and injury. The process of inflammation and destruction are known by the terms pathogenesis. A joint has several parts which are the bone, cartilage which covers the bones ends, the joint space which is filled with fluid and the joint lining which produces the joint fluid.

Finally the last part is the joint capsule which is a tough coat which keeps everything together. Joints require little energy and is paint however joints has to be lubricated so it is able to move and if formed with two bones that move together for example in the knee bones cover with cartilage which is smooth so that both can glide together. This how the joints should be however when you have RA the joint lining that has few blood vessels and no white blood cells however when having RA the joint lining is very thick and is crowded with white blood cells which have been entered through new blood vessels.

White blood cells produce large number of chemical substances which causes the pain, joint swelling and joint damage. These chemical are released in to the blood stream which can cause fatigue and feeling unwell.

Due to the entry of the white blood cells into the joint lining which because inflammation then the joint is swollen, hot, tender to touch, painful and the functions are poor and over time can be deformed. The joints are mainly affected however other body parts can include such as:.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a risk factor for heart attacks and strokes therefore General practitioner should reduce this risk by controlling risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. If you are a smoker then you would need to stop!

Having a blood test help diagnose RA however if you have joint inflammation then you would need to see a rheumatologist.In order to totally understand and understanding the meaning of the term juvenile arthritis rheumatoid JRAone must consider its componential words to see what all of them mean. The term juvenile identifies the state of being young, childish or infantile. Rheumatism details any unpleasant condition related to the motor system of your body.

This pertains to joints, muscles, soft and connecting tissues. As discussed to this point, the prefix rheuma- hails from a Greek expression "rheuma" which concerns the flowing of a river or stream.

Arthritis on the other hand is a term concerned just with joint disorders. The term again hails from the Greeks. A joint is where bones meet like the shoulder joint, leg joint, hip joint and the tiny joint parts in the hands and toes. Joining the terms to fully comprehend the phrase juvenile arthritis rheumatoid, you can conclude that it's a joint disorder found in youngsters.

Indeed, arthritis is not a disorder exclusive to the elderly population. Children at the age of sixteen and below who experience joint disorders fall in the category of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Children can complain about pains in their joints that can be caused by multiple reasons.

However, if the pain persists for six weeks or even more or there may be swelling on or about the joints, the child might be suffering from JRA. Arthritis is a long-term condition and can last quite a while. It causes infection of one or more joints, sometimes retarding bone development and development.

Important questions that occur from the conversation so far are: 1 Why categorize juvenile arthritis as an illness individual from that experienced by the adults? To answer these questions, some major differences between adult and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis are provided as follows:. The most the patients experiencing JRA outgrow the condition, a finding that is very rare in the adult forms of arthritis.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Nursing Essay

Rheumatoid arthritis in individuals is a single disease with different manifestations, while JRA has different subtypes and is much rarer than arthritis in individuals. JRA patients, generally, have negative rheumatoid factor RF in blood vessels while seventy to eighty percent of the parents with rheumatoid arthritis have positive rheumatoid factor in circulation. JRA inhibits proper progress of the bones while that's not the case in adult in whom bone fragments have already completely produced and developed.Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis JRA There are different types of arthritis such as gouty arthritis which causes a swelling usually in the big toe, psoriatic arthritis that often occurs along with psoriasis and reactive arthritis which usually involves the eyes, urethra and joints.

Juvenile arthritis is an umbrella term used to describe any form of childhood arthritis or arthritis-related conditions which affects people under 16 years old. The most common form of childhood arthritis is juvenile chronic. Discovery of Rheumatoid Arthritis Abigail L. The definite cause is still unknown, but in this paper recent scientific studies regarding rheumatoid arthritis will be discussed and explained.

Rheumatoid arthritis a serious, crippling disease that comes in many forms. Arthritis is a autoimmune. What is Arthritis?

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) Essay

What Causes Arthritis The word arthritis comes from the Greek arthron meaning "joint" and the Latin itis meaning "inflammation". The plural of arthritis is arthritides. Arthritis affects the musculoskeletal system, specifically the joints. It is the main cause of disability among people over fifty-five years of age in industrialized countries. Arthritis is not a single disease - it is a term that covers over medical conditions. Osteoarthritis OA is the most common form.

Intervention- The therapist will start by introducing herself and the purpose of performing ROM on the child to the mother. The therapist will build a rapport with both the child and the mother so the child can feel comfortable.

The therapist will ask John if he is in pain and then check for swelling. If there is no pain, the therapist will continue with the activity; however, if there is pain or swelling, the therapist will stop.

Haines, JIA includes 2 or more of these symptoms; ability of motion is impaired, motion causing pain or tenderness, or increased warmth in a joint and occurring in more than one joint for 6 weeks or more. What conditions the drug is used to treat, how the drug is metabolised in the body and other drugs in the same class as Meloxicam.

The drug Meloxicam is used to treat many forms of arthritis. The biggest use is of the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis which is a chronic inflammatory condition which affects the joint but can have other implications as well. Some examples of other body systems it can affect is eyes, blood vessels, cardio vascular and the skin as well.

The above statistic categorizes Lyme Disease as the number one animal carried and vector-borne disease. Vector is a term used to describe a living organism which is able to carry and spread an infectious disease from either animal to human or human to human.


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